Medical negligence cases involving children arise in a number of ways. Children can be more susceptible to diseases and treatment errors simply by virtue of their size. These little patients also are not as well equipped to explain their symptoms and are dependent on others to speak for them. One area that falls squarely on the shoulders of pediatricians involves the practice of preventative medicine to identify common conditions through routine screening. To assist your pediatrician, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) publishes recommended screening guidelines.